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微信、短信、网页等证据如何举证?

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微信、短信、网页等证据如何举证?

发布日期:2019-06-05 作者:长通培训 点击:

SHANGHAISHIGAOJIRENMINFAYUAN


亚博足彩appGUANYUSHUJUDIANWENZHENGJURUOGANWENTIDEJIEDA


 


    JINLAI,YOUBUSHAOFAYUANFANYING,SHIJIANZHONGDUISHUJUDIANWENZHENGJURUHEKAIZHANJUZHENG、ZHIZHENGHERENZHENGJIAONANBAWO。WEITONGYISHENPANSILU,GAOYUANMINERTINGJIUXIANGGUANWENTIJIEDARUXIA:

一、什么是数据电文?数据电文能否作为证据使用?

答:根据我国《电子签名法》之规定,数据电文是指以电子、光学、磁或者类似手段生成、发送、接收或者储存的信息。


亚博足彩app《DIANZIQIANMINGFA》GUIDING,SHUJUDIANWENBUDEJINYINWEIQISHIYIDIANZI、GUANGXUE、CIHUOZHELEISISHOUDUANSHENGCHENG、FASONG、JIESHOUHUOZHECHUCUNDEERBEIJUJUEZUOWEIZHENGJUSHIYONG。《HETONGFA》GUIDING,DANGSHIRENDINGLIHETONG,YOUSHUMIANXINGSHI、KOUTOUXINGSHIHEQITAXINGSHI。SHUMIANXINGSHISHIZHIHETONGSHU、XINJIANHESHUJUDIANWEN(BAOKUODIANBAO、DIANCHUAN、CHUANZHEN、DIANZISHUJUJIAOHUANHEDIANZIYOUJIAN)DENGKEYIYOUXINGDIBIAOXIANSUOZAINEIRONGDEXINGSHI。YINCI,SHUJUDIANWENKEYIZUOWEIZHENGJUSHIYONG。


ER、SHIJIANZHONGSHUJUDIANWENZHENGJUZHUYAOYOUNAXIE?

答:主要有手机短信、传真件、电子邮件及网页证据等。


SAN、SHOUJIDUANXINRUHEZAIFATINGSHANGCHUSHI?

答:手机短信应当庭出示,并将短信内容、发(收)件人、发(收)时间、保存位置等相关信息予以书面摘录,作为庭审笔录的一部分。


JUZHENGFANGYEKEZIYUANSHENQINGDUANXINGONGZHENG,BINGJIANGGONGZHENGWENSHUZUOWEIZHENGJUCHUSHI。


SI、SHENCHASHOUJIDUANXINYINGZHUYINAXIEQINGKUANG?

答:经过法院审查核实符合证据"三性"要求的手机短信,可以作为定案依据。但因手机短信存在删改的特性,一般情况下不宜单独作为认定案件事实的依据,应结合其他证据予以补强。


(1)SHENCHAFA、SHOUJIANREN(XINGMINGJISHOUJIHAOMA)YIJIFASONG、JIESHOUDESHIJIAN;FA、SHOUJIANRENYUANJIANDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDEGUANXI;


亚博足彩app(2)SHENCHASHOUJIDUANXINDEWEIZHISHIFOUCHUXIANBIANDONG,FACHU(SHOUDAO)DEXINXISHIFOURENGZAIFA(SHOU)JIANXIANGZHONG;


(3)SHENCHASHOUJIDUANXINDENEIRONGSHIFOUWANZHENG,YUQITAZHENGJUSHIFOUYOUMAODUN,YUDAIZHENGSHISHISHIFOUYOUGUANLIAN;


亚博足彩app(4)BIYAOSHIKESHENQINGJIANDINGHUOXIANGDIANXINYUNYINGSHANGZUODIAOCHA。


WU、SHENCHACHUANZHENJIANYINGZHUYINAXIEFANGMIAN?

答:根据《合同法》第十一条之规定,传真已成为当事人订立书面合同的一种法定形式,其效力受法律保护。在订立合同时,传真的内容即是合同条款。


亚博足彩appDANSHI,YOUYUCHUANZHENJIANDEZHENSHIXINGJIAONANPANDUAN,CAIYONGMOUXIEJISHUXINGSHOUDUANKEYIBIANZAONEIRONG,TONGSHICHUANZHENJIANDEBAOCUNSHIJIANBUZHANG,DUIQIZHENSHIXINGJIZHENGMINGLIYINGZHUYISHENCHA。


(1)HESHICHUANZHENDESHOUJIANREN、FAJIANREN,FA、SHOUCHUANZHENDEHAOMA、CHUANZHENSHIJIAN,YIPANDUANCHUANZHENSHOU、FARENYUANJIANDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDEGUANXI,CHUANZHENGUOCHENG,CHUANZHENNEIRONGSHIFOUZHENSHI;


(2)CUNZAIDUOFENCHUANZHENJIANDE,YINGSHENCHAGECHUANZHENJIANZHIJIANDENEIRONGSHIFOUXIANGHUXIANJIE,YUQITAZHENGJUNENGFOUYINZHENG。TONGGUOYIXILIECHUANZHENJIANJIEHEQITAZHENGJUNENGGOUZHENGMINGGECHUANZHENJIANZHIJIANCUNZAILIANXUXINGJIGUANLIANXINGDE,KERENDINGCHUANZHENJIANDEZHENGJUXIAOLI;


(3)CHUANZHENJIANLIUYOUSHOUXIEZIJIDE,KETONGGUOJIANDINGYIPANDUANCHUANZHENJIANZHIZHENSHIXING;


(4)DUIDANYICHUANZHENJIANDESHENCHA,KEYISHIYONGZHENGJUBUQIANGGUIZE,JIEHEQITAZHENGJUJIAYIZUOZHENG。


亚博足彩appLIU、DIANZIYOUJIANRUHEZAIFATINGSHANGCHUSHI?

答:举证一方应提供邮件的来源,包括发件人、收件人及邮件提供人,上述人员与案件当事人的关系,邮件的生成、接收时间及邮件内容。庭审出示证据时,若双方均无异议,可直接出示邮件纸质件;否则,应在计算机上当庭演示,并下载打印成纸质件。


RUODUIDIANZIYOUJIANYIZUOGONGZHENGDE,KEBUDANGTINGYANSHIYOUJIAN,ERZHIJIEJIANGGONGZHENGWENSHUZUOWEIZHENGJUCHUSHI。


亚博足彩appQI、KEGONGPANDUANDIANZIYOUJIANZHENWEIDEYINSUYOUNAXIE?

答:尽管电子邮件以电子信息形式传播和收发,不如传统书证保真程度高,被篡改后不易识别,但电子邮件也有其自身优势,即其发件人和收件人为唯一,每个电子邮箱对应唯一的用户,其互联网的帐号、密码、用户名在相对时间内也是唯一的。


亚博足彩appKEGONGPANDUANYOUJIANZHENWEIDEYINSUYOU:


(1)JIANGDIANZIYOUJIANYUQITAZHENGJUJINXINGBIDUI,BIYAOSHIYAOQIUXIANGGUANRENYUANJINXINGDUIZHI;


(2)SHENCHAYOUXIANGDEQUDEFANGSHI,XICONGWANGLUOFUWUSHANGCHUGOUMAIDE,HAISHIMIANFEIZHUCEDE。YIBANERYAN,QIANZHEGENGJIAKEKAO;


(3)SHENCHAYOUJIANFA、SHOUSHIJIAN。YOUJIANRUJINGGUOWAIDEWANGLUOFUWUSHANGFASONGHUOJINGGUOJIYOUJIANZHUANFAQIDISONG,BIXUYAOJINGGUOYIDINGDESHIJIAN,FOUZEBUFUHEKEGUANQINGKUANG;


(4)BIYAOSHI,QINGWANGLUOFUWUSHANGTIGONGXIEZHU,CONGDIANZIYOUJIANDECHUANSHU、CUNCHUHUANJIEZHONGZHIJIEBAOQUANZHENGJU。HUOJINXINGJIANDING,CONGDIANZIYOUJIANSHENGCHENG、CUNCHU、CHUANSHUHUANJINGDEKEKAOXING,SHIFOUCUANGAIDENGQINGYOUGUANFANGMIANTICHUZHUANJIAYIJIAN。


亚博足彩appBA、DUIYUWANGYEZHENGJURUHEZUZHIJUZHENG?

答:将网页作为证据出示时,举证方应提供网址、时间,并将网页当庭演示,指明网页中与案件相关联的内容。同时,提供网页的纸质件,以备留档查考。经双方同意,也可只出示网页纸质件,不再演示网页。上述过程应在庭审笔录中完整体现。


RUODUIXIANGDANGWANGYEYIZUOGONGZHENGDE,KEBUDANGTINGYANSHIWANGYE,ERZHIJIEJIANGGONGZHENGWENSHUZUOWEIZHENGJUCHUSHI。


亚博足彩appJIU、RUHESHENCHAWANGYEZHENGJUDEZHENSHIXING?

答:诉讼双方对网页证据真实性发生争议,而该网页恰恰是查明案件事实的主要证据,经当事人申请,可要求相关网站提供协助,从计算机系统传输、存储的环节中直接保全证据,或请有关单位专家作鉴定,从网页证据的生成、存储、传递和输出环境的可靠性提出专家意见。


YOUYUWANGYEXINXIGENGXINKUAI,SHIXIAOXINGQIANG,SUSONGZHONGYINGZHUYIDUIWANGYEZHENGJUDEBAOQUAN,KETONGGUOGONGZHENG、SHEXIANG、XIAZAIDENGXINGSHIGUDINGWANGYE。YIBANERYAN,JINGGUOGONGZHENGDEWANGYEZHENGJUJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEZHENGMINGLI。


▌TEBIESHUOMING:GUANYUWEIXINDEJUZHENG


▶ZHUANJIAGUANDIAN


1. DIANZISHUJUSHUYU“QITANENGGOUZHENGMINGJIEDAIFALVGUANXICUNZAIDEZHENGJU”FANCHOU


DIANZISHUJUGUANGYIERYAN,SHIZHIYIDIANZI、GUANGXUE、CIHUOQITALEISISHOUDUANSHENGCHENG、FASONG、JIESHOUHUOCUNCHUDEXINXIZHENGMINGANJIANSHISHIDEYIZHONGZHENGJU,BAOKUODIANZITONGXINZHENGJU、JISUANJIZHENGJU、WANGLUOZHENGJUHEQITADIANZISHUJU。DIANZISHUJUSHIXIANDAIXINXIJISHUBUDUANFAZHANHEYINGYONGDECHANWU,ZUOWEIXINXISHIJIELIXINDE“ZHENGJUZHIWANG”,QIJUYOUZONGHEXING、YIBIANXING、YINBIXING、KEWANJIUXING、WEISUOXING、KUOSANJIZENGXINGDENGTEZHENG,SHILAIYUANYUQIZHONGCHUANTONGZHENGJU,JIANGGEZHONGCHUANTONGZHENGJUBUFENDIBOLICHULAIERFANCHENGDEYIZHONGXINZHENGJUXINGSHI。2004NIANTONGGUODE《DIANZIQIANMINGFA》DI7TIAOGUIDING:“SHUJUDIANWENBUDEJINYINWEIQISHIYIDIANZI、GUANGXUE、CIHUOZHELEISISHOUDUANSHENGCHENG、FASONG、JIESHOUHUOZHECHUCUNDEERBEIJUJUEZUOWEIZHENGJUSHIYONG。”GENJU《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANGUANYUSHIYONG〈ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINSHISUSONGFA〉DEJIESHI》DI116TIAODI2KUAN、DI3KUAN:“DIANZISHUJUSHIZHITONGGUODIANZIYOUJIAN、DIANZISHUJUJIAOHUAN、WANGSHANGLIAOTIANJILU、BOKE、WEIBOKE、SHOUJIDUANXIN、DIANZIQIANMING、YUMINGDENGXINGCHENGHUOZHECUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDEXINXI。CUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDELUYINZILIAOHEYINGXIANGZILIAO,SHIYONGDIANZISHUJUDEGUIDING。”KEZHI,DIANZISHUJUZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGJUTIBIAOXIANWEIDIANZIYOUJIAN、WANGSHANGLIAOTIANJILU、BOKE、WEIBOKE、SHOUJIDUANXIN、DIANZIQIANMING、YUMINGDENGXINGCHENGHUOZHECUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDEXINXI。CUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDELUYINZILIAOHEYINGXIANGZILIAO,SHIYONGDIANZISHUJUDEGUIDING。JUTIDAOMINJIANJIEDAIJIUFENANJIANZHONG,ZUOWEIZHENGMINGJIEDAIGUANXICUNZAIDEDIANZISHUJUZEJIZHONGBIAOXIANWEIDIANZIYOUJIAN、WANGSHANGLIAOTIANJILU、BOKE、WEIBOKE、SHOUJIDUANXINDENGXINGCHENGHUOZHECUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDEXINXIYIJICUNCHUZAIDIANZIJIEZHIZHONGDELUYINZILIAOHEYINGXIANGZILIAO。YOUYUDIANZISHUJUYIJINGXINGCHENGBIANSHIZHONGBAOCHIZUICHU、ZUIYUANSHIDEZHUANGTAI,NENGGOUKEGUANZHENSHIDIFANYINGSHIWUDEBENLAIMIANMAO,KEZHANGQIWUSUNBAOCUN,SUISHIFANFUZHONGXIAN。XIANGDUIYUWUZHENGYIYINZHOUWEIHUANJINGDEGAIBIANERGAIBIANSHUXING,SHUZHENGYISUNHUIHECHUXIANBIWU,ZHENGRENZHENGYANYIBEIWUCHUAN、WUDAO、WUJIHUODAIYOUZHUGUANXING,DIANZISHUJUZEGENGJUKEGUANXINGHEWENDINGXING。DANBIXUZHUYIDESHIDIANZISHUJUJUYOUYIPOHUAIXING。DIANZISHUJUSHIYONGDIANCIJIEZHI,CHUCUNDESHUJUXIUGAIJIANDANQIEBUYILIUXIAHENJI,YIDANHEIKERUQINXITONG、DAOYONGMIMA,CAOZUORENYUANCHUXIANCHACUO,GONGDIANXITONGHEWANGLUOCHUXIANGUZHANG、BINGDUDENG,DIANZISHUJUJUNYOUKENENGBEIQINGYIDIDAOQU、CUANGAISHENZHIXIAOHUI,NANYISHIHOUZHUIZONGHEFUYUAN。YINCI,GENJUDIANZISHUJURONGYIBEICUANGAIDETEXING,RENMINFAYUANZAISHENCHADIANZISHUJUSHIYINGGAIBADIANZISHUJUDEZHENSHIXINGYOUQISHIQISHIFOUBEICUANGAIZUOWEISHENHEZHONGDIAN。DANGRANYUQIANMIANGUANYUSHITINGZILIAODELUNSHUYIYANG,ZHIYAODANGSHIRENTIGONGLEZHENGMINGJIEDAIGUANXICUNZAIDEDIANZISHUJU,JIUKEBEISHIWEI《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANGUANYUSHENLIMINJIANJIEDAIANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DE“QITANENGGOUZHENGMINGJIEDAIFALVGUANXICUNZAIDEZHENGJU”。


亚博足彩app(ZHAIZI《ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANMINJIANJIEDAISIFAJIESHILIJIEYUSHIYONG》,DUWANHUAZHUBIAN,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANMINSHISHENPANDIYITINGBIANZHU,RENMINFAYUANCHUBANSHE2015NIANCHUBAN)


亚博足彩app2.GENJUWEIXINJILUXINGCHENGDEFANGSHI,WEIXINZHENGJUFENWEIWENZIWEIXINJILU、TUPIANWEIXINJILU、YUYINWEIXINJILU、SHIPINWEIXINJILU


(1)WENZIWEIXINJILU。BAOKUOYUWEIXINHAOYOULIAOTIAN、WEIXINPENGYOUQUANFABUDEWENZIYIJIGONGZHONGWEIXINHAOFABUDEWENZHANGDENGYIWENZIXINGSHICUNZAIDEXINXI。CILEIJILUSHIWEIXINZHONGZUICHANGJIANYESHIZUIDUODENEIRONG,LIRUCHANGJIANDE“WEIXINJIETIAO”。WENZIJILUTONGGUOSHOUJIJIEPING、PAIZHAO、DAOCHUDENGFANGSHIDOUKEYITIQUYUGUDING。


(2)TUPIANWEIXINJILU。BAOKUOYUWEIXINHAOYOULIAOTIANGUOCHENGZHONG,FABIAOWEIXINPENGYOUQUANSHIHEGONGZHONGWEIXINHAOFABUSHIZHUANZAI、ZHIZUO、PAISHEDETUPIANYIJISHIYONGDEGELEIBIAOQING,TUPIAN、BIAOQINGSUOBIAODADEYISITONGCHANGYAOFANGZHIDAOZHENGGELIAOTIANJILU、WENZHANGZHONGQULIJIE,TONGCHANGBUTONGDESHIYONGZHESUOBIAODADEYISIJUNBUTONG,YOUSHIKENENGBUCUNZAIRENHEYIYI,BANLIBAOQUANGONGZHENGSHIYIDINGYAOJIANGTUPIANYUQITAJILUZHENGTIJINXINGGONGZHENG,BUJIANYIDANDUDUITUPIANJINXINGBAOQUANGONGZHENG。


亚博足彩app(3)YUYINWEIXINJILU。BAOKUOYUWEIXINHAOYOULIAOTIAN、WEIXINPENGYOUQUANFABUDEYUYINYIJIGONGZHONGWEIXINHAOFABUDEWENZHANGDENGYIYUYINXINGSHICUNZAIDEXINXI。YUYINGONGNENGSHIJINJINIANGEDATONGXUNGONGJUSHEJIDEXINXINGGONGNENG,TONGGUOFASONGYUYINDEFANGSHIDAITIWENZIBIANJI,JIAOLIUGENGJIABIANJIE。YUWENZIWEIXINJILUXIANGBI,YIGESHICUNZAIXINGSHISHANGBUYIYANG,LINGYIGEGENGZHONGYAODEBUTONGSHITONGGUOFENBIAN、JIANDINGYUYINZHONGDESHENGYINLAIQUEDINGSHIYONGZHESHENFEN。


(4)SHIPINWEIXINJILU。BAOKUOYUWEIXINHAOYOULIAOTIANGUOCHENGZHONG,FABIAOWEIXINPENGYOUQUANSHIHEGONGZHONGWEIXINHAOFABUSHIZHUANZAI、ZHIZUO、PAISHEDESHIPIN。SHIPINJUYOUZHIGUANFANYINGSHISHIDEZUOYONG,TONGCHANGSHIYONGZHEZIXINGPAISHEDESHIPINGENGYOUZHENGMINGLI,ZHUANZAIHUOZHEZHIZUODESHIPINYINWEIBUZHIDAOYUANSHICHUCHUHUOZHEYOUHOUQIBIANJIDEHENJI,TONGCHANGZHENGMINGLIBURUZIXINGPAISHEDE,ZAIBANLIBAOQUANGONGZHENGSHI,YAOZHUYIDUISHIPINXINGCHENGFANGSHIDESHENCHA。DUICILEIWEIXINJILUYICAIQUKELUDEFANGSHITIQUHEGUDINGZHENGJU。


(ZHAIZI《GUANYUWEIXINZHENGJUBAOQUANGONGZHENGDETANTAO》,PANZIWEN、HUYINGYING,《FAZHIYUSHEHUI》2015NIAN36QI)


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